Vandyke Brown, a Permanent Color

“A permanent color is a color that retains the hue recorded at the time of painting.  Among the permanent colors are a number that intensify or deepen the value and quality.  This is due, not so much to their chemical composition as to the action of the oil used in the reduction, which has a tendency to deepen.” Excerpt from Frank Atkinson, Scene Painting and Bulletin Art (1915, page 16)

Vandyke Brown: (bituminous earth) a rich, transparent pigment; permanent; slow drier.


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